While the CDC recommends that all adults get vaccines, adults with chronic conditions are more likely to develop complications, including long-term illness, hospitalization, and even death, from certain vaccine-preventable diseases. Those with chronic conditions need particular focus from health providers to make sure they are up-to-date on the vaccines that are recommended for them.

Heart Disease

Lung Disease

  • Why immunize? Adults with COPD or asthma are more likely to get complications from the flu. COPD and asthma cause your airways to swell and become blocked with mucus, which can make it hard to breathe. Certain vaccine preventable diseases can also increase swelling of your airways and lungs. The combination of the two can lead to pneumonia and other serious respiratory illnesses.
  • What is recommended? Influenza, Tdap, Pneumococcal and Zoster vaccines are recommended by the CDC for most people with lung disease. There may be other vaccines that are recommended based on lifestyle, travel habits, and other factors. 
  • Where can I find more information? 

Diabetes

  • Why immunize? Diabetes, even if well managed, can make it harder for your immune system to fight infections, so you may be at risk for more serious complications from an illness compared to people without diabetes. Some illnesses, like influenza, can raise your blood glucose to dangerously high levels. People with diabetes have higher rates of hepatitis B than the rest of the population. Outbreaks of hepatitis B associated with blood glucose monitoring procedures have happened among people with diabetes. People with diabetes are at increased risk for death from pneumonia (lung infection), bacteremia (blood infection) and meningitis (infection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord).
  • What is recommended?  Influenza, Tdap, Hepatitis B, Pneumococcal and Zoster vaccines are recommended by the CDC for most people with heart disease. There may be other vaccines that are recommended based on lifestyle, travel habits, and other factors. 
  • Where can I find more information?

For ready-to-publish articles on adult vaccines, including for adults with chronic conditions, visit the CDC website